Tradition

History Of Bački Petrovac

Backi Petrovac When speaking about population migration in the Pannonian Plain region, one must emphasize the fact that in any other area of Europe there has not been noted such a frequency of people, cultures, and human achievements like here. The Pannonian plain endured all of these movements because it is located on the main roads and waterways, and is influenced by the Crusades, the Avars and the Turkish conquests. During the great migration of people, our ancestors settled here together with the Huns and the Avars in the seventh century.

Bački Petrovac is in an area that has been inhabited since ancient times, but because of the constant riots, nobody has lived here for a long time. According to historical data, the first inhabitants were Celts and Lazyges, a large number of the conquerors of the Avars, who quickly moved. After them, Slovenian tribes Bodrici and Limiganti are mentioned, the Hungarians, the Turks, the Serbs came after, and the Czechs then came in the 16th century. After the battle of Mohács in 1526, the Turks ravaged the entire Backa and destroyed 734 populated places. Many of them have not been restored, but their names have remained. There is data showing settlements called Bodonj, Telek, Dragovo, Bega, Kirti, Nandža, Kostolište and others lived here, biggest being the Dragovo. Thanks to the archaeological excavations, a wealth of information is obtained, and the first inhabitants, the Bunjevci, are mentioned in 1688. They were in fact the Serbs Uniates, who took the Greek Catholic religion and whose origin was from Herzegovina, near the Buna river.

The name Petrovac dates back from the 12th century, when it gained independence and church municipality. It was named after the church dedicated to Saint Peter. After the arrival of Slovaks, the name Petrovec was used. After the First World War, it was called Petrovec (Bačka, Kingdom of SHS, later Kingdom of Yugoslavia), and after the Second World War it got its current name Bački Petrovac. During the Rakoczy rebellion (1703-1711), Petrovac avoided devastation, but it is still not known today how it happened, however, the data about it can be found in Taubov’s travelogue.

On the basis of the Turkish notebook (land registry), one can see that Petrovac was densely populated during the Turkish period. After their departure, the entire area of South Bačka was a military border, and arable land belonged to the King's chamber, so-called Military command. The county administration was located in Futog, to which Petrovac, Gložan, Kisač, Begeč, Rumenka and Kamendin belonged. It is stated in the books (Serbian: Peštanske knjige) that the land property of Futog included 24,000 kj of land and that approximately in 1703, a baron J. Nekem took over a seigniory of Futog from Bačka military administration for 24,959 Roman forints.

Later owners of Futog alternated. First was the earl Buterur in 1721, and then the estate was taken over by the King's chamber in 1726. The following year 1727, it passed into the hands of Joseph Odvajer, and then the earl Kavrijan in 1731. The descendants of Arsenije Čarnojević the third, the brothers Carnojevic, led by Mihailo (Miša) are also mentioned as the owners. Due to the settlement of the Slovaks, the heir earl Andras Hadik is significant for us. The last owners of Futog were from the family of Brunswick (1776-1848) who divided the land up to peasants. Petrovec, the first Slovak municipality on the territory of Yugoslavia was established on a Futog farm in 1745.

An author of the text – a professor B. Mileusnić

History Of Kulpin

Kulpin

The first Kulpin’s village was located on the hill “Klisa”, west of the present Kulpin. The oldest record about Kulpin dates from 28 February 1345. Residents of Kulpin lived in dugouts and were engaged in cattle breeding, hunting, and fishing.

Kulpin has been devastated by the Turks several times and once from the Tartar hordes. The location of the place has been changing several times during a new settlement – “Klisa”,“Vinjičke”,“Peskara”.

New history of Kulpin began in 1745, when the brothers Stratimirović established the current Kulpin. They brought with them about 200 Serbian families. The Slovaks in Kulpin have been mentioned for the first time in some document in 1758

The Stratimirović family has given more historical figures: Stefan Stratimirović - a metropolitan and Đorđe Stratimirović – a commander of the Serbian army in the 1848-49 revolution. It was one of the most important Serbian families in the Habsburg monarchy (Austria).

The first Serbian school in Kulpin began in 1754. Shortly after, in 1789, the first Slovak school was opened. Both were started in churches.

The castle and the bigger part of the estate was sold in 1889 to Dundjerski Lazarus, who, like his son Đoka, contributed significantly to the development and modernization of agriculture in Kulpin. In the Second World War, Kulpin was liberated on October 15, 1944.

The author of the text – a professor T. Radanov

ISTORIJAT MAGLIĆA

Maglić

Na lokaciji današnjeg Maglića postojalo je vekovima naselje, koje je sticajem raznih istorijskih okolnosti povremeno bivalo kraći period nenaseljeno. Prvi put se pominje u XIII veku kao mađarsko naselje Kesi.

U kasnijem periodu kao vlasnik sela pominje se izvesni Savolj, prema kome se i selo naziva Savolj-kesi. Kasnije je etimološki transformisano u Buljkesh a na kraju Buljkes.

Prvi Nemci, u Buljkes naseljavaju se 1786. godine i to u velikom broju. Prilikom naseljavanja, ulice i javne zgrade ( a i privatne kuće ) građene su po strogom urbanističkom planu.

Tokom vremena unapredili su zemljoradnju u široj okolini i postali čuvene zanatlije i graditelji crkava.

Krajem 1944 veliki broj Nemaca iz Buljkesa, se odselio u Nemačku. Tokom 1945. godine doseljavaju se grčke izbeglice pripadnika narodnooslobodilačkog pokreta „Elas“.

Tada Buljkes postaje grčka eks teritorija. Krajem 1949. godine Buljkes naseljavaju porodice iz Srbije, Bosne, Hercegovine i Like. Pošto je selo bilo praktično Jugoslavija u malom, građani su odlučili da ime sela Buljkes promene u Bački Maglić ( po planini Maglić koja se nalazi na tromeđi Bosne, Hercegovine i Crne Gore).

Autor teksta T.Radanov,prof.

History Of Gložan

Gložana

Any traces of the fortress Onagrinum are lost in 1791, which Diocletian, the Roman emperor (284 -305), built on the place of today Gložan in 284.

There were two settlements Drag (Dragovo) and Telek on the territory of Gložan before Tatar intrusion (in 1241).

The settlement Gložan with 16 houses was mentioned in Turkey's notebook from 1556, a few years later, there had already been 28 houses. Gložan was referred to as a desert in the period of signing Karlovac peace agreement in 1699.

A complete inventory of population in Bačka was carried out in 1720, most of the inhabitants were Serbs and Bunjevci (about 95%) and the situation was similar in Banat. Since 1749, the settlement has had a post office and a station. In the seventeenth century, it was inhabited by Serbs, who have already had 95 houses and 2 priests in 1733. The first sporadic migrations of Slovaks had begun in 1740.

The year 1756 was mentioned as an official date of the settlement of Slovaks, when they came in large numbers in Gložan on Futoška estate. Most of the immigrants came from Novohrad, Hont, Piešćan and Bekeš.

The settlers signed a contract with the Čarnojević family, the co-owners of Futog’s farms on May 3, 1759.

Written by a professor, J. Benda

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